Advancing theological and scientific literacy for today’s ʿulamāʾ
3.4.5 The Great Chain of Consciousness
Golden Eagle Hunters of Mongolia, by David Baxendale, 2014.
Reality begins with and proceeds from God, the Supreme Being, and ends in the most miniscule and discrete kinds of beings. Each thing in the cosmos, including the cosmos itself, forms a vital link with the other parts of this great chain (Renovatio, 2017).
In this article Professor Mohammad Rustom discusses “being” and the mind-body question from the perspective of the Islamic theological tradition. In a strand of this tradition, all things are manifestations of God’s consciousness, imbuing all things with awareness. This stands in opposition to metaphysical naturalism, or materialism; the belief that all of creation is reducible to matter and its interactions.
The Madrasa Discourses project proposes that a conciliation of traditional Islamic thought with contemporary scientific and philosophical worldviews can result in orthodox affirmations of human dignity essential for peaceful coexistence in a pluralistic world.