The key questions that need to be answered by astrophysicists are: What is really out there? And of what is it all made? Without this understanding it is impossible to come to any firm conclusions about how the universe evolved (NASA).
Our understanding of astronomy has grown and shifted since the Aristotelian mosaic, with the observation of subatomic particles and recent evidence of “dark” matter. We are now delving into the nature–or matter–of heavenly bodies, rather than just their movement. This US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) page lays out the different types of matter in the universe, according to observation and current theories.
The Madrasa Discourses project proposes that a conciliation of traditional Islamic thought with contemporary scientific and philosophical worldviews can result in orthodox affirmations of human dignity essential for peaceful coexistence in a pluralistic world.