Advancing theological and scientific literacy for today’s ʿulamāʾ
2.2.4 Islamic Civilization
The story of Islam’s role in the preservation and transmission of ancient science, to say nothing of its own lasting contributions, is truly fascinating—and a bit of a puzzle. Why is it that so many ancient Greek texts survive only in Arabic translations? How did the Arabs, who had no direct contact with the science and learning of the Greeks, come to be the inheritors of the classical tradition? The answers to these questions are to be found in a unique conjunction of historical forces… (Middle East Institute, 2012).
This chapter from the late professor Cherif Bassiouni’s Introduction to Islam provides a synthetic survey of the topics on cultural influences we have been reading in this section.
The Madrasa Discourses project proposes that a conciliation of traditional Islamic thought with contemporary scientific and philosophical worldviews can result in orthodox affirmations of human dignity essential for peaceful coexistence in a pluralistic world.