Advancing theological and scientific literacy for today’s ʿulamāʾ
3.3.2: Aristotelian-Medieval Worldview
So far, we’ve been studying some of the central philosophical questions about science: Can we know anything with absolute certainty? Is there a universal and unchangeable method of theory evaluation? What is the mechanism of scientific change? Is there scientific progress? What is the difference between science and pseudoscience? Now we are moving to the history of science, and we will focus on some examples of major scientific worldviews through history. But why would anyone bother studying the scientific worldviews of the past?… (Barseghyan et al., 2018).
In this lecture, Dr. Hakob Barseghyan introduces us to the scientific thought that persisted until the mid-1700s. Follow along with the chapter as well:
Why is it important to understand the accepted beliefs of the past in order to make sense of past events?
Have you encountered elements of the Aristotelian Medieval worldview in your study of Islamic tradition? This might include references to the sublunar and “heavy” terrestrial elements, and geocentrism.
The Madrasa Discourses project proposes that a conciliation of traditional Islamic thought with contemporary scientific and philosophical worldviews can result in orthodox affirmations of human dignity essential for peaceful coexistence in a pluralistic world.